Unenforced Orders, Worthless Consent Decrees and No Fines for Lawbreakers 

(SAN JUAN, P.R. – April 27, 2017) Puerto Rico Limpio released a new report today after a painstaking investigation of EPA documents obtained through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) which belie the Agency’s public claims of great progress towards closing 12 toxic, non-compliant municipal landfills in Puerto Rico. The report reveals that, in fact, the EPA has known that 19 out of the island’s 29 landfills are illegal open dumps, and continue to operate despite openly violating federal law.

“The report reveals yet more evidence of criminal neglect by the EPA,” said Hiram J. Torres Montalvo, co-founder of Puerto Rico Limpio. “Recent actions in Toa Alta and Santa Isabel are simply an elaborate cover-up by the EPA to hide 8 years of bureaucratic ineptness and criminal negligence.”

The new report, entitled “How the EPA Continues to Poison Puerto Rico”, had a number of key findings based on EPA documents and other evidence posted online with the report today:

  • No evidence was found that any of the still-open landfills “facing action” or consent decrees have been brought into compliance over the last decade.  In fact, all of them continue to break federal laws and continue to pose an imminent threat to the environment and to the public.
  • A letter in 2011 from the Obama Administration to the EQB under Governor Luis Fortuño warned against being too hasty in closing toxic landfills, making lighter enforcement a policy of the EPA.
  • In the list of 12 landfills “under EPA action,” the EPA was found to have systematically failed to follow through, letting deadlines pass repeatedly, allowing operators to ignore benchmarks and endlessly postpone even minimal improvements.
  • The EPA knew of the environmental harm and persistent threat for years even while issuing consent decrees and administrative orders, and never immediately suspended operations at any landfill despite the danger. The most recent example was the administrative order issued against Toa Alta landfill on April 11 of this year, which detailed extreme violations of RCRA and multiple iterations of the “imminent endangerment to human health and the environment” but allowed the landfill to continue receiving and dumping waste in unlined cells through the end of the year.

“Recent comments by certain individuals claiming they do not have the regulatory authority to close, that a lock won’t work, a transfer station cannot be built or the fiscal situation prevents closure, is simply perpetuating an environmental crime against their fellow citizens,” said Torres Montalvo.

To read “How the EPA Continues to Poison Puerto Rico”, visit:


The Capitol of Puerto Rico (Capitolio de Puerto Rico) in San Juan, Puerto Rico

Esteemed Senators:

Today, the Senate will have its first debate about landfill policy in Puerto Rico, but we hope that it will really tackle what needs to be debated: the issue of toxic landfills on the Island. The issue at hand cannot be turned into a distraction which clouds the reality of a crucial question which affects many more than just a group responsible for heading up a campaign against the deposit of coal ash in a compliant landfill in Penuelas.

In today’s debate, I hope you will not forget the evidence provided by proven cases of illegal operations that have violated federal and Commonwealth laws in the toxic, non-compliant municipal landfills in Anasco, Arecibo, Arroyo, Barranquitas, Cabo Rojo, Cayey, Culebra, Florida, Guayama, Hormigueros, Isabela, Jayuya, Juana Diaz, Juncos, Lajas, Moca, Toa Alta, Toa Baja, Vega Baja and Yauco.  These are municipal landfills that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has recorded as presenting “an imminent danger to human health and the environment”, poisoning the groundwater, the soil and the air in these communities and breaking almost every federal rule for landfill compliance that is in effect.  Every one of these toxic landfills is open and operating right now as you meet in the Capitolio, and there has never been one single Independentista leader who has had any sympathy for these communities suffering from the pollution generated by these toxic landfills. I can say this, because Puerto Rico Limpio has been fighting to close these landfills without them providing any support.  The debate which is to take place today should focus on getting a clear public policy about solid waste management.

This group which has been demonstrating should meet with the neighbors of Candelaria, next to the toxic landfill in Toa Baja, where the toxic contamination was documented just last month by the Puerto Rico and mainland U.S. media when Rep. Luis V. Gutierrez toured the area.  Neither have Senator Maria de Lourdes Santiago nor Mayor Carmen Yulin ever been to the Toa Alta landfill neighborhood nor have they spoken to Connie Calise Citron.  For years, Connie has watched the illegal mountain of unlined toxic trash grow bigger and bigger and the leachates pour out of the site and into the community. Given this situation, the neighbors have had to leave their houses being because the Government of Puerto Rico has abandoned all these communities who have suffered real contamination, real hardships, threats to their health, their drinking water and their quality of life.  All of this has been documented. It would be terrible that today, while this session is taking place in the Senate, they continue to abandon all of these communities.

Puerto Rico Limpio has comprehensively documented the depth of the landfill crisis and proposed real policy solutions to the Congressional Task Force on Economic Growth in Puerto Rico.  Our 4-point plan focuses on: 1) revoking the permitting authority of the Puerto Rico Environmental Quality Board (EQB); 2) closing toxic dumps immediately; 3) repurposing closed landfills for conversion to better uses, like clean, sustainable energy alternatives like solar and wind generation; and 4) adopting a plan for full compliance. Unfortunately, neither Maria de Lourdes Santiago and Carmen Yulin or their pro-Independence comrades have supported our efforts.

I join in continued solidarity with the 20 disadvantaged and forgotten communities all across Puerto Rico in urging the Senate to urgently include their suffering, and end what the EPA has called an imminent danger and threat to them, by closing the non-compliant and toxic landfills across the Commonwealth. Also, they should hold a real debate about solid waste management reform for Puerto Rico.  If you abandon the thousands more who need to be defended, you will be only increasing the suffering of these people and allowing the danger around the toxic landfills in Puerto Rico to continue, transferring the bigger and more devastating costs into the future.

Co-founder, Puerto Rico Limpio


Group calls on Carmen Guerrero to take a public stance against toxic landfills, release all files on landfills and Zika prevention efforts

(SAN JUAN – October 3, 2016)  Today, Puerto Rico Limpio criticized recent landfill closure announcements by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as cynical and misleading, and demanded Carmen Guerrero, the director of the EPA’s Caribbean Environmental Protection Division release all EPA files on Puerto Rico’s landfills.10-3-release

“The recent closure announcements by the EPA in Cayey and Arroyo were cynical and misleading attempt by the Agency to cover its decades of negligence, allowing toxic landfills to remain open and threaten the public,” said Hiram J. Torres Montalvo, co-founder of Puerto Rico Limpio.   “It’s time for the deception and dereliction of duty to end.  Carmen Guerrero has been silent on the need to close the toxic landfills that proliferate across Puerto Rico.  From Toa Alta to Lajas, most of Puerto Rico’s landfills are operating outside federal law and without controls to prevent the Zika virus.  It’s past time for the EPA to shut them down.  The EPA is failing the citizens of Puerto Rico.”

Torres Montalvo wrote a letter to Guerrero and asked her to release all files (administrative orders, judicial orders, and EPA inspection reports) that are related to landfills in Puerto Rico, and all communications with municipal landfills on efforts to stop the spread of the Zika virus.

Recently, Puerto Rico Limpio released a report, “The Poisoning of Puerto Rico,” which disclosed internal EPA documents proving that the Agency has known for over a decade that the majority of Puerto Rico’s municipal landfills are operating in violation of nearly all federal rules and pose an “imminent threat to human health and the environment,” something the EPA knew for over a decade and didn’t address.   Torres Montalvo noted to Guerrero that these documents could only be obtained through filing details requests under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).

To read Puerto Rico Limpio’s letter to Carmen Guerrero of the EPA (in Spanish), visit:



EPA intentionally misleads people of Puerto Rico; toxic landfills remain open and operating

(SAN JUAN – September 29, 2016)  Puerto Rico Limpio charged U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Regional Administrator Judith Enck with misleading the people of Puerto Rico today in her announcement over the closure of toxic landfills in Cayeypicture1 and Arroyo.

“It is disturbing that Administrator McCarthy continues to perpetuate a falsehood that the EPA is closing Puerto Rico’s toxic landfills,” said Hiram J. Torres Montalvo, co-founder of Puerto Rico Limpio. “Today’s announcement from the EPA is aimed at covering up the 2 decades of neglect and dereliction of duty.”

The EPA entered agreements to close 12 municipal landfills since 2007, but the majority of those sites are still toxic and operating out of compliance with federal law.  Many of them continue to accept waste, like Vega Baja, Juncos, Florida and others.

Torres Montalvo added, “Cayey and Arroyo have been full for more than 10 years and have been contaminating those communities for much longer, and Judith Enck has known about it since she took office in 2009.”

Recently, Puerto Rico Limpio released a report, “The Poisoning of Puerto Rico,” which disclosed internal EPA documents proving that the Agency has known for over a decade that the majority of Puerto Rico’s municipal landfills are operating in violation of nearly all federal rules and pose an “imminent threat to human health and the environment,” something the EPA knew for over a decade and which during Enck’s tenure was never addressed.




Why bother complying when there is no enforcement of the law?
Puerto Rico Limpio responds to Puerto Rico Government

(SAN JUAN – June 13, 2016)  In response to statements by the Government of Puerto Rico, the citizen action group Puerto Rico Limpio said that only full enforcement of federal and local laws will solve the toxic landfill crisis in Puerto Rico.

“Focusing on recycling has failed Puerto Rican communities.  The results are terrible. Our recycling rates are less than 10%,” said Hiram Torres Montalvo, co-founder of Puerto Rico Limpio.  “There is a simple reason for this failure: why recycle when a municipality can dump all their trash in a cheap, non-compliant landfill for half the cost or less?  The landfills have no incentive to participate.   And when the EPA rules are not enforced, it makes no sense to comply.”

Nelson Santiago, the chief solid waste official for the Government of Puerto Rico, was quoted in today’s El Nuevo Dia as saying that following the law “is a big challenge for the operators” of the toxic landfills and suggesting that the public is to blame for producing trash.

“The law is clear: every landfill must have liners, trash covers, and leachate controls or it’s an illegal site.  This can’t be any simpler,” Torres Montalvo said.  “Most of the 27 landfills in Puerto Rico have none of these requirements and nobody is doing anything about it.  If the mayors don’t care about the law, and the Puerto Rico government doesn’t care about the law, and Judith Enck, the Administrator for Region 2 of the EPA doesn’t want to enforce the law, then where is this big challenge for the landfill operators?  If there are no consequences for decades of contaminating the groundwater, the ocean, marine resources, the land and the air, then how can you blame the victims in these communities instead of all the agencies who refuse to do their job and enforce the law?”

Torres Montalvo said the only focus for solving the landfill crisis is real enforcement or the contamination will only worsen.

“After decades of contamination allowed by the Puerto Rico Environmental Quality Board and the EPA, it’s clear that the policy of doing nothing has created this crisis, not a lack of recycling.  Our landfills still have no liners, no leachate controls, no gas monitoring and no trash covers.  They are illegal sites that violate local and federal laws.  The ADS response and EPA’s complicit behavior is an attempt to distract and confuse the public from their own failures to safeguard our communities,” Torres Montalvo said.

“Judith Enck has another Flint developing in her region.  When is she going to act?” Torres Montalvo concluded.

Links to case studies of toxic landfills that the EPA has allowed to break the law for decades:

TOA ALTA            VEGA BAJA          CULEBRA             ARROYO              BARRANQUITAS                FLORIDA



In the days since Puerto Rico Limpio began its campaign on social media, we have been contacted by hundreds of citizens about the landfills in their communities.  One such place is Arroyo, which we visited to meet with local residents and investigated their complaints.

Here is what we found out:

The entrance to the municipal landfill in Arroyo shares a fence and property line with a home for the elderly.  It is located in the Monte Verde residential community.   A local general doctor treats patients in an office on the road next to the landfill.  She told us that everyone in the neighborhood is affected by “polluted water that runs out of the landfill every time it rains.”  She says she has tried to complain about it to authorities but they are unresponsive.

Hector Quesada, who sells empanadillas near the landfill entrance, told us he has also seen the dark, toxic water running out of the landfill into the community on rainy days.  That toxic water is called leachates, and it is created in every landfills when the trash decays and mixes with existing liquids from the trash and rain water.  By law, it has to be controlled and removed, and never allowed to escape onto the ground.  In Arroyo, the leachates are running into Monte Verde.

An old, inactive landfill cell covered with vegetation is visible near the landfill’s entrance, and it sits on a sharp slope overlooking a crop area (see photo).  That old cell was not lined, so the trash underneath that vegetation is decaying inside the soil.

Crop land downstream from the toxic runoff outside the Arroyo landfill.
Crop land downstream from the toxic runoff outside the Arroyo landfill.

In August 2013, the current mayor announced that the town would take over administration of the landfill from the former operator, LM Waste, because “there was a lot of material that wasn’t covered and was flying up in the wind, they left the trash uncovered for a long time.”  Every landfill is required by law to cover their trash cells every night.  “There was a pestilence and flies reaching the residents.  It was critical, no more time could pass.”  He said if the town hadn’t taken over it would have “turned into a public health threat” from insects and vermin.

But from our conversations with local residents, and by looking at aerial satellite photos of the active cell in Arroyo landfill, there still is no cover over it and no liners under it.  Worse yet, there are still no controls at this landfill against leachates.  The Puerto Rico Environmental Quality Board (EQB) documented in April 2015 that the landfill in Arroyo was among 18 landfills showing “grave deficiencies”, and that Arroyo’s landfill was specifically “generating leachate running down access paths and no collection alternatives had been established.”

Clearly, the EQB and the Municipality of Arroyo have known about the poisoning of Monte Verde for a long time and have done nothing to stop it.  The question now is – will the federal Environmental Protection Agency do its job and intervene to close this unsafe landfill, or leave it operating like this?


(San Juan, Puerto Rico) On the same day the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announced that Carmen Guerrero of Puerto Rico will be the new Caribbean director for the Agency, the multi-sectoral citizen’s group Puerto Rico Limpio launched an interactive map on its website today, profiling “The Toxic List.”

“The toxic landfills should be the first order of business for Carmen Guerrero to address,” Torres Montalvo said.  “The EPA also must explain to these communities why it is allowing so many landfills that have been toxic for decades to continue operating today.”

The map is designed to be used as a citizens’ tool for learning details about each of the municipal landfills in Puerto Rico that have been publicly identified by authorities as operating in violation of regulations.

“We have relied on public information, government documents, news media and members of the public in building this citizen’s action tool for the people of Puerto Rico,” said Hiram Torres Montalvo, co-founder of Puerto Rico Limpio.  “The residents around these landfills have the right to know about violations we have documented, and the dangers they pose to them,” he said.

The places currently profiled on the map are the municipal landfills in Añasco, Arecibo, Arroyo, Barranquitas. Cabo Rojo, Cayey, Culebra, Florida, Guayama, Hormigueros, Isabela, Jayuya, Juana Diaz, Juncos, Lajas, Moca, Toa Alta, Toa Baja, Vega Baja and Yauco.

The map includes vital information about each landfill from documents from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Puerto Rico Environmental Quality Board, and major news articles in which violations have been documented.  The profiles also include information that has been shared with Puerto Rico Limpio by local residents living near the landfills since the organization launched its safe landfills campaign in April.

“The Interactive Map will be continuously updated to reflect new developments, and we municipalities, residents and concerned citizens to share new information that will help these communities have all the facts about these unsafe landfills,” Torres Montalvo said.

The Interactive Map in English can be accessed here.

To know more about Puerto Rico Limpio, its mission and important information about unsafe and non-compliant landfills, visit:, Puerto Rico Limpio  on Facebook, and/or follow us on Twitter at: @PRLimpioOrg